Права человека

Russia’s Legal System Misused: UN Expert Slams Oleg Orlov’s Trial as Political Abuse

«Сегодня Олег Орлов, ведущий правозащитник страны и сопредседатель организации “Мемориал”, которая является лауреатом Нобелевской премии мира, отмечает свой 71-й день рождения за решеткой в наказание за свое открытое несогласие с войной России против Украины», — сказала эксперт ООН в своем заявлении. 

«Состояние здоровья Олега Орлова с момента его заключения продолжает ухудшаться, и российские власти должны обеспечить ему надлежащий доступ к медицинской помощи», — предупредила Кацарова. 

Ущемление прав

В феврале 2024 года российский суд приговорил правозащитника к двум с половиной годам лишения свободы за осуждение войны России против Украины. 

«Удерживая Олега Орлова за решеткой по обвинениям, не имеющим под собой никаких оснований согласно международному праву, российские власти показывают всему населению России, какие инструменты они готовы использовать для того, чтобы заставить замолчать мирные инакомыслящие и независимые голоса, и демонстрируют безжалостность, с которой государственные органы могут действовать», – сказала эксперт. 

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По словам Кацаровой, Головинский районный суд Москвы, судя по всему, намеренно торопит процесс, чтобы вынести окончательный вердикт по апелляционной жалобе, которую Орлов подал 12 марта 2024 года. 

Эксперт отметила, что право Орлова на защиту серьезно ущемлено: необходимость ежедневных явок в суд исключает возможность консультаций с адвокатом, а взаимодействие в суде жестко контролируется и ограничивается, что нарушает принцип адвокатской тайны.

«Мы должны назвать эти действия своими именами, а именно вопиющей политизацией правоохранительной и судебной деятельности с целью подавления гражданских и политических прав в России», – заявила Кацарова. 

Международная солидарность

Она подчеркнула, что международное сообщество выражает свою солидарность с Олегом Орловым и другими подавляемыми голосами в России. В письме Российской Федерации от 17 мая 2023 года Кацарова и другие Специальные докладчики ООН осудили преследование Олега Орлова за его законную правозащитную деятельность и осуществление им своих свобод выражения мнений и ассоциаций. 

Кацарова заявила, что суровый приговор, вынесенный Олегу Орлову за так называемую «дискредитацию российской армии» (ст. 280.3 УК РФ), представляет собой существенную эскалацию использования в России «нелегитимных внутригосударственных правовых норм и компрометации институтов в политических целях». 

В день вынесения приговора Орлову она указала на то, что показательный процесс над ним является частью стратегии властей по подавлению гражданского общества. Ранее она призывала отменить нормы закона, по которым был осужден правозащитник.

«Заключение Олега Орлова в тюрьму и ликвидация “Мемориала” Верховным судом, наряду с признанием Орлова “иностранным агентом”, свидетельствуют о систематическом преследовании правительством инакомыслия, размывании гражданского пространства и суровом наказании любой оппозиции войне против Украины», – сказала Кацарова.

Специальные докладчики входят в состав так называемых Специальных процедур Совета по правам человека, крупнейшего органа независимых экспертов в системе ООН по правам человека. Они не являются сотрудниками ООН и независимы от какого-либо правительства или организации. Они служат в индивидуальном качестве и не получают зарплату за свою работу.

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14 Comments

  1. “Today Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights activist of the country and co-chair of the organization “Memorial”, which is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars as a punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has been deteriorating since his imprisonment, and the Russian authorities must ensure proper access to medical care for him,” warned Katzarova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights activist to two and a half years of imprisonment for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. By holding Oleg Orlov behind bars on baseless charges according to international law, the Russian authorities are showing the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenters and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which state authorities can act,” said the expert. According to Katzarova, the Golovinsky District Court in Moscow appears to be deliberately rushing the process to give a final verdict on the appeal filed by Orlov on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is severely curtailed: the need for daily court appearances excludes the possibility…

  2. Is the UN Expert’s statement about Oleg Orlov’s trial in Russia gaining international attention?

    1. Yes, Amy. The UN Expert’s statement regarding Oleg Orlov’s trial in Russia has indeed garnered significant international attention. It sheds light on the misuse of the legal system and the political abuse taking place in this case. It is crucial for the global community to monitor and condemn such violations of human rights and justice.

  3. “Today Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights defender in the country and co-chair of the organization ‘Memorial’, which is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars as punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” stated the UN expert in her declaration. “Oleg Orlov’s health has been deteriorating since his imprisonment, and the Russian authorities must ensure adequate access to medical care for him,” warned Katzarova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights defender to two and a half years of imprisonment for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. By holding Oleg Orlov behind bars on charges that have no legal basis according to international law, the Russian authorities demonstrate to the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenting and independent voices, showcasing the ruthlessness with which government bodies can act,” said the expert. According to Katzarova, the Golovinsky District Court of Moscow is apparently rushing the process to reach a final verdict on the appeal filed by Orlov on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is severely impaired: the need for daily court appearances deprives him of the opportunity to properly prepare his defense.”

  4. Today, Oleg Orlov, a prominent human rights defender in the country and co-chair of the organization “Memorial”, which is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars as a punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine, says the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has continued to deteriorate since his imprisonment, and the Russian authorities must ensure proper access to medical care for him,” warned Katsarova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights activist to two and a half years of imprisonment for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. “By keeping Oleg Orlov behind bars on charges that have no basis under international law, the Russian authorities are showing the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenters and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which state organs can act,” said the expert. According to Katsarova, the Golovinsky District Court in Moscow seems to be deliberately rushing the process to reach a final verdict on Orlov’s appeal, which he lodged on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is seriously infringed: the need for daily court appearances excludes the possibility of

  5. “Today Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights defender in the country and co-chair of the organization ‘Memorial’, which is a laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars as a punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has been deteriorating since his imprisonment, and the Russian authorities must ensure proper access to medical care for him,” warned Katzharova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights activist to two and a half years in prison for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. “By keeping Oleg Orlov behind bars on charges that have no basis in international law, the Russian authorities are showing the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenters and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which state authorities can act,” said the expert.

  6. Is the UN expert questioning the fairness of Oleg Orlov’s trial due to political motives?

    1. EmilySmith92, the UN expert’s statement clearly raises concerns about the political nature of Oleg Orlov’s trial. It is evident that his rights are being infringed upon, and the rushed legal proceedings only highlight the unjust treatment he is receiving. It is essential for international observers to closely monitor such cases to ensure justice and human rights are upheld.

  7. “Today, Oleg Orlov, the country’s leading human rights defender and co-chair of the organization ‘Memorial’, which is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars as punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has continued to deteriorate since his imprisonment, and the Russian authorities must ensure proper access to medical care for him,” warned Katzarova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights defender to two and a half years of imprisonment for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. By keeping Oleg Orlov behind bars on baseless charges according to international law, the Russian authorities are showing the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenting and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which government bodies can act,” the expert said. According to Katzarova, the Golovinsky District Court of Moscow appears to be intentionally rushing the process to give a final verdict on the appeal that Orlov filed on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is severely undermined: the need for daily court appearances excludes the possibility of a fair trial.”

  8. Isn’t it concerning that Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights defender of the country and co-chair of the “Memorial” organization, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars for openly disagreeing with Russia’s war against Ukraine?

    1. Indeed, it is deeply troubling that Oleg Orlov, a prominent human rights defender in the country and co-chair of the “Memorial” organization, is spending his 71st birthday behind bars for expressing his open dissent against Russia’s war on Ukraine. This misuse of the legal system to silence dissenting voices is a blatant violation of basic human rights.

  9. Today, Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights defender of the country and co-chair of the “Memorial” organization, which is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, celebrates his 71st birthday behind bars as punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has continued to deteriorate since his imprisonment, and the Russian authorities must ensure he has proper access to medical care,” warned Katzarova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights defender to two and a half years in prison for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. “By keeping Oleg Orlov behind bars on charges that have no basis in international law, the Russian authorities are showing the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenting and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which state authorities can act,” said the expert. According to Katzarova, the Golovinsky District Court of Moscow appears to be deliberately hastening the process to reach a final verdict on the appeal filed by Orlov on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is severely compromised: the need for daily court appearances excludes the possibility of a fair trial and prolongs his unjust imprisonment.

  10. “Today, Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights defender in the country and co-chair of the organization “Memorial”, which is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, celebrates his 71st birthday behind bars as a punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has continued to deteriorate since his imprisonment, and Russian authorities must ensure proper access to medical treatment for him,” warned Katzharova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights defender to two and a half years in prison for condemning Russia’s war against Ukraine. “By holding Oleg Orlov behind bars on charges that have no basis under international law, Russian authorities are showing the entire population of Russia what tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenting and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which state authorities can act,” said the expert. According to Katzharova, the Golovinsky District Court in Moscow appears to be deliberately speeding up the process to reach a final verdict on the appeal filed by Orlov on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is seriously infringed: the need for daily court appearances excludes the possibility of a fair trial.”

  11. “Today Oleg Orlov, a leading human rights defender in the country and co-chair of the organization Memorial, which is a laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, is celebrating his 71st birthday behind bars as a punishment for his open disagreement with Russia’s war against Ukraine,” said the UN expert in her statement. “Oleg Orlov’s health has been deteriorating since his imprisonment, and Russian authorities should ensure he receives proper access to medical care,” warned Katzrova. In February 2024, a Russian court sentenced the human rights activist to two and a half years in prison for criticizing Russia’s war against Ukraine. “By keeping Oleg Orlov behind bars on baseless charges according to international law, Russian authorities are showing the entire Russian population the tools they are willing to use to silence peaceful dissenters and independent voices, demonstrating the ruthlessness with which state authorities can act,” said the expert. According to Katzrova, the Golovinsky District Court in Moscow seems to be intentionally rushing the process to reach a final verdict on Orlov’s appeal, which he filed on March 12, 2024. The expert noted that Orlov’s right to defense is seriously infringed: the need for daily court appearances excludes the possibility of a fair trial.”

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