Международное право

Russian Military Issues Arrest Warrants for Air Force & Black Sea Fleet Commanders

Каждый из них предположительно несет ответственность за военные преступления – нанесение ударов по гражданским объектам, причинение чрезмерного непреднамеренного вреда гражданскому населению или повреждение гражданских объектов. Также Кобылаша и Соколова подозревают в преступлении против человечности. 

«Имеются достаточные основания полагать, что они несут индивидуальную уголовную ответственность за вышеупомянутые преступления», – говорится в пресс-релизе Международного уголовного суда. В частности, двух командующих обвиняют в совершение преступных действий совместно или с помощью других лиц, отдании приказов о совершении преступлений и/или за неспособность осуществлять надлежащий контроль над силами, находящимися под их командованием.

«Я неоднократно подчеркивал, что те, кто несет ответственность за действия, которые затрагивают невинных гражданских лиц или охраняемые объекты, должны знать, что такое поведение подчиняется ряду правил, отраженных в международном гуманитарном праве,  – заявил Прокурор МУС Карим Хан. – У войны есть свои правила. Эти правила обязательны для всех без исключения». 

Прокурор выразил благодарность многим партнерам, поддержка которых позволила продвинуться в сборе необходимых доказательств, в том числе Генеральной прокуратуре Украины. Карим Хан также подчеркнул, что он будет и дальше «стремиться к сотрудничеству с Российской Федерацией в связи с ситуацией в Украине». 

Два ордера на арест были выписаны на основании ходатайств Прокурора. Подозреваемые, как считают в Суде, несут ответственность за ракетные удары, нанесенные подведомственными им силами по украинской электроэнергетической инфраструктуре. 

В пресс-релизе также говорится о т ом, что ордера в подобных ситуациях обычно выдаются под грифом «секретно» в целях защиты свидетелей и проведения следствия. Однако в данном случае в Суде учли, что осведомленность общественности о выдаче ордеров может способствовать предотвращению дальнейших преступлений. Палата предварительного производства считает, что предание огласке информации о существовании ордеров на арест соответствует интересам правосудия.

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Международный уголовный суд выдал ордера на арест Владимира Путина и Марии Львовой-Беловой

Международный уголовный суд является независимым постоянно действующим судебным органом. Он был учрежден в соответствии с Римским статутом, подписанным 17 июля 1998 года на конференции в столице Италии. Его компетенция распространяется на все наиболее тяжкие международные преступления, совершенные после 1 июля 2002 года – даты вступления Римского статута в силу. Юрисдикция суда ограничена преступлениями геноцида, преступлениями против человечности, военными преступлениями и преступлениями агрессии.

В первые двадцать лет своей деятельности МУС рассмотрел ряд дел, имеющих большое значение для международного правосудия и касающихся таких тяжких преступлений, как использование детей-солдат, уничтожение культурного наследия, сексуальное насилие и нападения на невинных гражданских лиц.

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  1. The International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for the commander of the Russian Far Air Force and the commander of the Black Sea Fleet. Each of them is presumed to be responsible for war crimes – targeting civilian objects, causing excessive unintentional harm to civilian populations, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are sufficient grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court press release said. In particular, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of others, giving orders to commit crimes, and/or failing to exercise proper control over forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions that affect innocent civilians or protected objects must know that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are mandatory for all without exception.” The prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has helped in gathering the necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also stressed that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation regarding the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued based on the prosecutor’s requests. The suspects, like

  2. Are there any details on the specific incidents that led to these arrest warrants being issued?

    1. Yes, the arrest warrants were issued based on allegations of committing war crimes, including targeting civilian objects and causing excessive unintended harm to civilians or damaging civilian property. Kobylasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are sufficient grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” said the International Criminal Court press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of participating in criminal actions jointly or with the assistance of others, ordering crimes to be committed, and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions affecting innocent civilians or protected objects must understand that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” stated ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are mandatory for everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has helped in gathering necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also emphasized that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” The two arrest warrants were issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. Suspects, like

  3. Each of them presumably bears responsibility for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing excessive unintended harm to civilians, or damaging civilian infrastructure. Kobylasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are sufficient grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court stated in a press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of others, issuing orders to commit crimes, and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions affecting innocent civilians or protected objects must know that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are binding on everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has helped gather necessary evidence, including the Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also emphasized that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. The suspects, like

  4. Each of them is presumed to be responsible for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing excessive unintentional harm to the civilian population, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylyash and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are reasonable grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court said in a press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the help of others, issuing orders to commit crimes and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions affecting innocent civilians or protected objects must understand that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are binding on everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor thanked many partners, whose support has enabled progress in collecting the necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also stressed that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. Suspects, such

  5. Each of them is believed to bear responsibility for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing excessive unintended harm to the civilian population, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are reasonable grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” said the International Criminal Court press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of others, giving orders to commit crimes and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions affecting innocent civilians or protected objects must know that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are binding on everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has helped gather the necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also emphasized that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants have been issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. The suspects, like

  6. Each of them presumably bears responsibility for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing excessive unintentional harm to the civilian population, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are sufficient grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court said in a press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of others, giving orders to commit crimes, and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions affecting innocent civilians or protected objects must know that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are mandatory for everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has enabled progress in gathering necessary evidence, including the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine. Karim Khan also emphasized that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. Suspects, like

  7. Do you think these arrest warrants will have any impact on the ongoing conflict in the region?

    1. Arrest warrants for military commanders are a necessary step to hold individuals accountable for their actions. It sends a clear message that those who violate international humanitarian law will face consequences. This could potentially deter further crimes and contribute to resolving the conflict in the region.

  8. Each of them is presumed to be responsible for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing excessive unintended harm to the civilian population, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylyasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are reasonable grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court press release said. Specifically, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of others, giving orders to commit crimes, and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions affecting innocent civilians or protected objects must understand that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its own rules. These rules are mandatory for everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has helped in gathering the necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also stressed that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. Suspects, like

  9. The possibility of military commanders being held accountable for war crimes is a significant step towards justice and upholding international humanitarian law. It is crucial that those responsible for actions affecting civilians or protected objects understand the rules reflected in international humanitarian law. War has its rules, and they are binding for all. Prosecutor ICC Karim Khan’s efforts to collect evidence with the support of partners, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine, are commendable. Cooperation with all parties involved, including the Russian Federation, is essential in the context of the situation in Ukraine.

  10. Each of them is presumed to be responsible for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing disproportionate incidental harm to civilian populations, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylyasha and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are reasonable grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court said in a press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of committing criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of other persons, issuing orders to commit crimes, and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those responsible for actions that affect innocent civilians or protected objects must know that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are binding on everyone without exception.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has helped in gathering the necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also stressed that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued based on the Prosecutor’s requests. The suspects, like

  11. Each of them presumably bears responsibility for war crimes – striking civilian objects, causing excessive unintended harm to the civilian population, or damaging civilian objects. Kobylash and Sokolov are also suspected of crimes against humanity. “There are sufficient grounds to believe that they bear individual criminal responsibility for the aforementioned crimes,” the International Criminal Court said in a press release. In particular, the two commanders are accused of engaging in criminal acts jointly or with the assistance of others, ordering crimes to be committed, and/or failing to exercise proper control over the forces under their command. “I have repeatedly emphasized that those who are responsible for actions that affect innocent civilians or protected objects should know that such behavior is subject to a set of rules reflected in international humanitarian law,” said ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan. “War has its rules. These rules are binding on everyone.” The Prosecutor expressed gratitude to many partners whose support has allowed progress in gathering the necessary evidence, including the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine. Karim Khan also emphasized that he will continue to “seek cooperation with the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Ukraine.” Two arrest warrants were issued on the basis of the Prosecutor’s requests. Suspects, like

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