Migrants and Refugees

Hot News: Even More Sweltering Weather, People Escaping Sudan to Chad, and Let’s Celebrate Anti-Discrimination Day!

Summarizing the state of the climate, the month ended with extreme heat in the southern hemisphere where it’s summer, while high temperatures atypical of the northern hemisphere winter prevailed.

Parts of North and South America, northwest and southeast Africa, southeast and far eastern Asia, western Australia and Europe all saw record-breaking temperatures, either on a daily basis or for all of February.

“The anomalous heat is consistent with the persisting warming observed since June 2023, with seven consecutive new global monthly temperature records, including January 2024,” said Alvaro Silva, a climatologist working with WMO.

Global sea surface temperatures are record high. While the El Niño weather pattern “has stoked temperatures in some parts of the world, human induced climate change is the long-term major contributing factor,” he added.

Conversely, a large part of northwestern Canada, central Asia – and from southern central Siberia to southeastern China  – witnessed exceptional cold during the last week of the month.

The meteorological winter in the northern hemisphere and summer in the southern hemisphere finish officially at the end of February.

Sudanese continuing to flee into Chad: UN refugee agency

The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, raised increasing concern on Friday that more refugees will cross into Chad from Darfur in the coming weeks amid a worrying lack of food and other essentials.

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Almost a year since the start of the civil war between rival militaries in Sudan, neighbouring Chad urgently needs more humanitarian aid and significant development investment, the agency reported, especially in its eastern areas which are hosting the refugee influx.

This investment will allow the country to continue its generous open-door stance towards refugees.

“Chadian officials are concerned that many more hungry Sudanese families will come in the next weeks,” said Kelly Clements, UNHCR’s Deputy High Commissioner, who is in the country to review the relief operation.

“The country is committed to keeping its borders open, despite the fragility of this region. But, doing so will put even more strain on Chad, which has so graciously been hosting refugees from Sudan’s war – now raging almost a year – and other refugees still here from earlier emergencies.”

State of emergency

In December, the World Food Programme (WFP) suspended rations to some refugee groups in the country due to lack of funds. Subsequently, the government declared a state of emergency for food and nutrition security. 

Food distributions from Chad across the border to Darfur, where the security and protection situation is alarming, have not been made for well over a month, with cross-border aid recently suspended.

Women and children represent some 90 per cent of all refugees. Around 77 per cent of women arrived alone in Chad, with children.

Many have been exposed to gender-based violence including rape, said UNHCR, and now require comprehensive support. The agency provides medical and some psychological support, but much more is needed.

Arrivals have slowed in the last months, but that could change quickly,” Ms. Clements said. “Even without more coming, needs now run well beyond the capacities of humanitarian agencies. There are very real fears that the border region faces another paltry lean season before heavy rains lash the camps.”

More than 553,150 new refugees from Sudan had been counted by mid-February, making the country the largest host of refugees fleeing Sudan since the brutal war between Government troops and RSF militia erupted in mid-April 2023.

UNAIDS marks 10th anniversary of Zero Discrimination Day

Progress on advancing equality and fairness for all, regardless of gender, sexuality or HIV status, is in peril, said the UN agency dedicated to ending AIDS by 2030, marking Zero Discrimination Day. 

The day of activism was established by UNAIDS a decade ago. 

But, despite improvements in some societies, attacks on the rights of women and girls, of LGBTQ+ people and of other marginalized communities are increasing. 

“The attacks on rights are a threat to freedom and democracy and are harmful to health. Stigma and discrimination obstruct HIV prevention, testing, treatment and care and hold back progress towards ending AIDS by 2030,” said Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of UNAIDS. “It is only by protecting everyone’s rights that we can protect everyone’s health.”

At the start of the AIDS pandemic 40 years ago, two thirds of countries in the world criminalized LGBTQ+ people. Today, two thirds of countries do not, the agency noted.

Some 38 countries around the world have pledged to end HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and today, 50 million more girls are in school than in 2015.

UNAIDS said it was crucial to keep supporting women’s movements, LGBTQ+ rights as well as campaigns for racial justice, economic justice, climate justice and for an end to conflict. 

The UN is by your side

“As communities across the world stand up for rights, the United Nations is not only on their side, but by their side,” said the agency in its statement marking the day.

On the day, and across the whole of March, events are being organised to remind the world of this vital lesson and call to action: by protecting everyone’s health, we can protect everyone’s rights.

“Through upholding rights for all, we will be able to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and to secure a safer, fairer, kinder and happier world for everyone,” added Ms. Byanyima.



  1. It’s alarming to see the consequences of climate change intensifying month by month. The extreme heat and cold events across different regions are clear indicators of the urgent need for global action to address this crisis.

  2. As a climate change activist, it’s disheartening to see yet another month of extreme heat gripping our planet. The impact of human-induced climate change is undeniable, and we must take urgent action to mitigate its devastating effects. It’s time for world leaders to prioritize sustainability and protect our environment for future generations.

  3. Is the scorching heat linked to the ongoing climate change crisis? How are organizations preparing to support the refugees fleeing Sudan to Chad due to the lack of essentials?

    1. Indeed, the scorching heat we are witnessing is directly linked to the ongoing climate change crisis. As temperatures continue to rise globally, organizations are ramping up efforts to support refugees fleeing Sudan to Chad, providing essential aid to those in need.

  4. Is there any specific action being taken to address the food and essential needs for the refugees fleeing from Sudan to Chad?

    1. EmilyJohnson, the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, is working actively with local and international partners to address the pressing needs of the refugees fleeing from Sudan to Chad. Efforts are being made to provide food, water, shelter, and other essential services to alleviate the hardships faced by the displaced individuals. Your concern is valid, and it’s crucial for the international community to continue supporting these efforts.

  5. Almost a year since the start of these extreme climate events, and we are still witnessing record-breaking temperatures across the globe. It’s disheartening to see so many people forced to escape their homes due to the worsening conditions. We must take action now to combat human-induced climate change and protect our planet for future generations.

  6. “The heatwaves across the globe are alarming and a clear indication of the impact of climate change. It’s crucial to take immediate action to address these rising temperatures before it’s too late.”

  7. It’s disheartening to see the devastating impact of climate change, with extreme heatwaves and record-breaking temperatures becoming the new norm. We must take urgent action to address human-induced factors causing this crisis.

  8. Can you provide more details on the impact of the extreme weather conditions on the refugees fleeing Sudan to Chad?

    1. Yes, I can shed some light on that. The extreme weather conditions, such as the scorching heat in Sudan and the lack of essential resources, are further exacerbating the challenging situation for the refugees fleeing to Chad. The soaring temperatures and limited access to food and water make their journey even more perilous. It’s crucial for humanitarian efforts to address the specific needs of these vulnerable populations in the midst of such harsh climatic conditions.

  9. It’s disheartening to hear about the escalating climate crisis and the struggles of refugees in Sudan. We must all come together to address these urgent issues and protect our planet and its people.

  10. Was the rise in global sea surface temperatures mentioned in the article directly linked to human-induced climate change?

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